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Author Note: Anomalous chemistry is a brand new field of science, so it is unlikely most people would know about the workings of anomalous compounds, though if they're up to date on the literature they would know some compounds can only form at certain cuil levels.
An anomalous compound is a chemical compound that cannot form or exist at an ECF of baseline reality (0‽). They are able to form due to anomalous phenomena allowing for the circumvention of electrostatic and thermodynamic laws that affect baseline reality, allowing for the formation of chemical structures that would otherwise be impossible to form or only possible in very extreme pressure or temperature conditions. Anomalous compounds can be highly useful and are fundamental to anomalous biologies.
Anomalous chemistry is a new and exciting field of chemistry that seeks to challenge the conventional laws of chemistry in an age where new and anomalous physics are constantly being discovered, challenging our understanding of science as we know it. One of the many new aspects of chemistry anomalous chemists have come to understand is the stability of a given compound at a specific ECF. Every compound now has a property that anomalous chemists call "actuality", a term coined by Purgatorian scientists. A compound's actuality is the range of cuils that the compound is stable in before it changes form, either by decomposing or changing into another compound. For example, water has a very wide range of actuality, from (accounting for the recent discovery of negative cuils) -8‽ to an unrecorded cuil level.
Many anomalous compounds, once formed, are able to exist in baseline reality. These compounds have an actuality that is considered metastable; though they can only form in anomalous conditions, they are either able to permanently exist in realspace or turn mundane more slowly. The time it takes for half of a compound's concentration to change forms as a result of being outside of their actuality is called the anomalous half-life. Anomalous compounds change faster the more extreme of an ECF they are at outside of their actuality; exposure to order for example causes most anomalous compounds to rapidly change.
Once a compound is no longer within its actuality range, multiple things can happen to it. It can either decompose, normalize, or transition. A compound decomposes when it breaks down into its base parts (such as water into hydrogen and oxygen), normalizes when an anomalous compound turns into a mundane compound that is stable at baseline reality, and transitions when a compound changes into another anomalous compound that is stable at its new ECF (transitioning typically occurs when an anomalous compound becomes unstable at a higher ECF).
Mana is the only known anomalous element. It is capable of forming anomalous compounds to create highly unique substances such as octiron or octarine, which also tend to be cuil emitters. Some mana compounds also have unique interactions with anomalous flow or flux, or have certain metapharmaceutical effects.
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Anomalous compounds play a vital role in the anomalous biology of hyperspace, allowing these anomalous and sometimes interloper organisms to have unique biological traits that allow life to thrive in hyperspace, which has significantly more diverse life than realspace. The anomalous compounds that are vital to anomalous life often take the form of anomalous proteins vital to biological functioning, and the genetic code of many anomalous organisms utilize anomalous compounds in order to express phenotypes that utilize anomalous proteins.
The existence of anomalous compounds for these organisms are typically the reason they will die upon entering realspace; anomalous proteins that are only stable at a certain ECF range will denature or decompose at baseline reality, preventing many biological functions from working and conferring a terminal illness to the organism if not outright death. Interlopers are a class of anomalous organisms that are capable of surviving at baseline reality, though may still subject themselves to chronic illness from existing at baseline reality.
The reverse also applies; non-anomalous organisms typically suffer when exposed to higher cuil levels, leading to different forms of cuil sickness. Certain genetic components of our biology are disrupted in higher ECF, leading to cuil cancer, and facets of our neurobiology are also incompatible with unreality.